American Indians are at the bottom of nearly every indicator of welfare and have been since the founding of the United States. The present paper focuses on but two of the causal agents: lack of private property rights and a dearth of economic freedom. Although addressing these issues will not solve all of Indian country’s problems, strengthening property rights and improving economic freedom will generate opportunities for American Indians to improve their economic and social well-being. This recommendation is easy to implement and aligns well with tribal culture pre-contact.



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